Tuesday, 23 June 2020

i4C Blogathon - First Runner Up Winning Entry by Ms. Anushree Krishania | Theme - Health Care Automation & Renewable Energy

First Runner Up Prize Winning Entry  | Theme - Health Care Automation & Renewable Energy

Ms. Anushree Krishania
2nd Year, Comp/IT
NIIT University

Who knew that a single half-year would show humans their status? They said mankind runs this planet and history says the human race ruined it. For me the fact comes out to be that we were so busy with our inventions to gain strength and potential that we forgot to save ourselves before destroying nature... Humanity does not exist on this planet anymore so let's not talk about it. No offense but reaching Mars will not heal Earth in any way! Despite scientific and technological advances, communication has turned impossible for persons living under the same roof.

It all started with the lock-in syndrome we all are going through. So here I was reading about this new technique called functional near-infrared spectroscopy - a procedure that offers a non-invasive, safe, portable, and low-cost method of indirect and direct monitoring of brain activity. And it led me to discovering more about locked-in syndrome - a condition in which a patient is aware but cannot move or communicate verbally - which our 21st century’s generation is going through for sure. Thanks to our technology-driven world. I do appreciate the fact that technology is helping us survive the odd times we all had but that doesn't mean we go in the direction of giving it the authority of handling our lives.
And then right at this point I decided if at all I could show how technology saves lives and not to divide humanity. Covid-19 was ruining the progress of work and in between we heard this competition called National Innovation Challenge. Me and my team grabbed the opportunity. We ticked the ‘Health care innovation’ as our theme in the form and started looking for options. We came up with this idea of the ‘Electrolyte’ concept.
We’ll get into the technical jargon (Scientific terms sounds like that) once I introduce you with the main objective. “A nine-year-old girl had to hold a bottle of saline for her father after surgery” reports NDTV. This could have been a perfect example of Atmnirbharta!
Electrolytes are a part of intravenous therapy. Nurses/assistants are responsible for the patients taking these intravenous solutions. There is no such automated monitoring system to manage all this and give an alert when the electrolyte level drops down.
God forbids if someone is suffering from lock in syndrome where an electrolyte bottle is being used for giving them requirements in their body. I’m highly appreciating the efforts the medical team is doing in this recent pandemic going on but then there are cases where sometimes the hospital staff is only concerned for their shifts to get over soon. They are humans after all! Some cases were reported where nurses or the hospital staff skipped changing or refilling the solution bag. Any lag/carelessness in monitoring can cause the reverse-flow of blood i.e. from the body to the bottle. or maybe put it in this way that air-bubbles can enter into the blood from empty bottles which can cause immediate deaths. Yes, death and this can't be taken for granted now!  
Fig 1

Therefore, making a fully automatic electrolyte system is the aim of this project. In the medical world, there's no doubt that sharing is caring. Unfortunately, up until recently, this hasn't always been possible. Now, through the cloud and other means, this isn't the case. All information can easily be accessed by those that require it, and this again reduces the number of times physicians are "wasting" on admin tasks. Here comes something technical and that’s the working process of our idea(refer to fig.1 on the top). The basic requirements we are planning to use will be IR Sensor, Arduino, Basic connection equipment, and Developers account for publishing the application. The power supply will be given to the IR Sensor and this sensor will reflect to the electrolyte. In return, the electrolyte will reflect back the result to IR(fig. 2), and further the data will be transferred to the Arduino controller. Now this activates the app and the nurse gets the reminder to change the solution bag. As simple as this! The more information that physicians can share, the more benefits that a patient can have access to. Therefore, we thought of making the application for patients as well and the work is in process.
 Automation is when manual tasks are reduced by the use of information technology and this is what we aim for. The UI of the application has been designed which shows that the app will contain the details of the patients under a particular nurse allocated to them. The following figure, shows the UI of the application. The 3rd image with ‘My Profile’ shows the profile of the nurse in charge.

The second fault is micro-organism poisoning, adding to the infusion system or maybe the crack in the bottle. These kinds of situations will be notified by the application we have created. We are possibly looking at it on a large scale. This could even be applied in all the government hospitals as well as private health centres and hospitals. Economically, we’ve taken care of wherever we can cut off the cost without compromising the quality, also producing it in a bulk will make it more affordable.
The whole monitoring system is totally reusable as many times as we want. Consumers have been purchasing products and services online for years. Book a trip, check your credit card balance and buy your vitamins with literally one click – all from your phone. Why should consumers expect less from their healthcare providers? Let's make everyone safe because every life matters. Even the criteria of developed countries depend on the general state of living. Let us support the change because it’s rightly said, “The ones who are crazy enough to think that they can change the world, are the ones who do.” 
https://www.ijareeie.com/upload/2016/march/64_A%20Survey.pdf https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-94-011-6341-5_10(https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/after-fathers-surgery-girl-told-to-hold-saline-bottle-at-maharas htra-hospital-1850404). 

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